BIOCHEMICAL AND HAEMATOLOGICAL BIOMARKER DETERMINED IN FEMALE ALBINO RATS INDUCED WITH INFERTILITY AND ADMINISTERED WITH ANTHOCLIESTA VOGELII
Olugbenga Oladimeji1, Oa Lawal2, and Steve A3
1Lagos State University., Nigeria, 2Dr., Nigeria, and 3Dr., Nigeria
Anthocleista vogelii was investigated for the acclaimed fertility enhancing properties especially in females.
The phyto-chemistry of the ethanolic leave extract of Anthocleista vogelii was determined prior to it being administered orally for 14 days to Wister albino rats. Micronor (norethisterone) or N-acetylcysteine (NAC) was given orally to induce temporary infertility in the female rats for seven (7) days prior to other treatment. The Blood samples from experimental animal groups were collected through cardiac puncture when the rats were sacrificed after the completion of fourteen (14) days extract administration. The vitamin E analysis was performed using HPLC. The hematological parameters were performed using the Sysmex® Automated Hematology Analyzer KX-21N. Biochemical evaluation of glutamic pyruvate transaminase ALT, alkaline phosphatase ALP, glutamic oxaloacetate transaminase AST, total cholesterol and total triacylglycerol was done using randox biochemical kits.
The extract was found to possess Anthraquinones, Terpenoids, Flavonoids, Saponins, Alkaloids, Phenols and Phytosterols. The hematological parameters showed a significant increase (P<0.05) in absolute middle cells (basophils, eosinophils and monocytes) count. It also showed a significant reduction in the ALP, ASP, AST, TAG and cholesterol level (p<0.05). The obtained results showed a significant increase of vitamin E concentration in the female rats in the control group compared to extract treated group. The result also suggest that Anthocleista vogelii may have a role in creating the environment required for enhancing pregnancy with the Vitamin E concentration production that support the claims on the traditional use of Anthocliesta vogelii to enhance fertility in female.
Ethanolic extract, Anthocleista vogelii,, Female fertility, and Cholesterol, lymphocyte.